Natural Gas

  • What is Natural Gas?

    Touted to be the fuel of the 21st century, Natural Gas (NG) is an environment friendly, efficient and economical fuel that is used for varied applications in domestic, commercial and industrial sectors. Currently, NG is mainly used for cooking, water and space heating, power and steam generation,furnace, hot air generation and as feedstock for fertilizer. NG is used as a fuel for automotive sector in compressed form (CNG).

    A colorless, odorless, non-toxic, inflammable and lighter than air fuel, NG is nothing but a mixture of hydrocarbons consisting of approximately 80% to 90% methane. NG is an established clean and green fuel and is predominantly being used in most of the major cities of the world. In India,usage of NG has been growing at a fast pace and consumption is expected to increase to 25% by 2025 from the present 9%.

  • How Is Natural Gas distributed?

    Natural Gas is transported and supplied to the consumer's premises through an extensive pipeline network that is based on the Main Steel Pipeline that brings the gas from the source to the city. The gas, commonly known as Piped Natural Gas (PNG), is routed via smaller pipes to homes,offices, stores, factories and all major demand centers in the city. Along the steel network, CNG stations are located, where NG is compressed and distributed to vehicles as a fuel.

    Pressure regulators maintain the requisite pressure in the pipeline. Metering device installed in the customer's premises records the units of gas consumed by the user based on which invoicing is done.

  • Benefits of using Natural Gas.

    1. Uninterrupted Supply: 24-hour reliable supply as the gas is distributed
      through pipelines directly to the premises.
    2. No Storage Required: No storage facility required. No hassles of handling, refilling and changing of cylinders.
    3. Economical & No Wastage: The metering device allows clients to pay only for what they consume. Besides, there is no residual wastage like that in gas cylinders.
    4. Greater Safety & Convenience: Natural Gas is lighter than LPG and the supply pressure is low. If Natural Gas is lesser than5% or more than 15% in the air it will not catch fire. Supply through pipes also gets rid of all the hassles of a gas cylinders.
    5. Environment Friendly: Hardly any pollution emissions and zero solid wastes make Natural Gas a clean and green fuel.

  • What is NG? What are its main components?

    NG like oil is a fossil fuel and is found deep beneath the earth surface. NG is created because of gradual decomposition of organic fossil matter over long period of time by pressure and heat from earth. It is procured from the oil / gas wells and transported through a network of pipelines across the country. NG is mainly Methane – CH4 with very small percentages of other higher hydrocarbons like ethane, propane, butane repentant.

  • Where is NG stored?

    NG once brought out of well is not stored and is supplied through an extensive network of pipelines. The pipeline network is designed for a continuous flow of gas from the source to consumption centers. This pipeline network itself acts as a natural storage space for gas.

  • Why is NG called a clean fuel?

    NG is primarily, about 90% methane (CH4), which has one carbon atom and four Hydrogen atoms. The ratio of carbon to hydrogen is least in methane and it burns up to 95% making it the cleanest burning fuel.

  • What is the difference between CNG, PNG, LNG and LPG?

    CNG, PNG, LNG are the same fuel, Natural Gas, in different forms for the purpose of storage and transportation. CNG means Compressed Natural Gas - NG pressurized up to 250 Kg/cm2 for use in vehicles; PNG means Piped Natural Gas - NG supplied to consumers through pipelines; LNG means Liquefied Natural Gas - NG in liquid state, liquefied for the purpose of long distance transportation through ships.

    LPG is different than NG. It consists mainly of Butane & Propane.

  • What are the applications of NG?

    NG is a versatile fuel which is used for cooking, water heating, steam generation, space heating, air-conditioning, power generation, raw material for chemicals, automotive fueling and s on. Major cities worldwide have been using NG for these applications for several years now.

  • In which cities NG is being supplied?

    As of now, NG is being supplied to many cities including  Ahmadabad, Baroda, Faridabad, Khurja, Surat, Ankleshwar, Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Agra, Firozabad,  Bareilly and many more.

  • What is the Gross Calorific Value and Net Calorific Value of NG?

    The GCV and NCV of NG shall vary from source to source. Typically, GCV of NG ranges from 8,900 – 9800 Kcal/SCM and NCV ranges from 8,200 – 8, 900 Kcal/SCM.

  • What is MMBTU?

    MMBTU stands for Million British Thermal Unit (MM in Roman numeral system represents 1 Million). It is a traditional unit for measuring energy like Joule, Kilo and Calorie. The unit is most often used in the power, steam generation, heating and air conditioning industries. BTU is approximately the amount of energy needed to heart 1 pound (0.454 kg) of water from 39 to 40 F (3.8 to 4.4 C). Under the regulations notified by the Petroleum & NG Regulatory Board it is mandatory for all the Gas Distribution Companies to quote gas price in “per MMBTU” terms and raise invoice to customers accordingly.

  • How is invoicing based on MMBTU different than invoicing based on SCM?

    Currently, consumption of gas is measured in Standard Cubic Meters (SCM) and gas price is quoted in /SCM terms. While in case of MMBTU invoicing, consumption and gas price shall be represented in MMBTU and /MMBTU terms respectively. In NG context: 1MMBTU=252000Kcal 1MMBTU=Approx 28 SCM (@ 1 SCM =9000Kcal on GCV)

  • Is there any customer service support from your end?

    AGL maintains Customer Service Center and a 24 x 7 Emergency Control Room for handling any emergency complaints. AGL provides round-the-clock customer support through engineers and trained technicians located at various control rooms. Contact numbers are mentioned on MRS and on fortnightly invoices.
    The Customer Care Contact 079-27623264

  • How frequently the safety training will be provided to us as the usage of Natural Gas is new for us?

    AGL provide safety guidelines for the use at the time of commissioning of gas. However, if desired, presentation on safety can also be organized for your staff.   

  • How can one detect leakage in PNG pipeline & burners?

    NG supplied to you contains a typical sulphurish odor injected specifically for easy detection of any leakage. Gas leakage can be detected by this foul odor.